What is a Citation?
A citation provides the reader with information about your sources, to help the reader find them. Citations usually include such elements as:
This is MLA style citation:
Friedman, Alice T. Women and the Making of the Modern House : a Social and Architectural History. Abrams, 1998.
Formula for a Book:
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date.
(*Note: the City of Publication should only be used if the book was published before 1900, if the publisher has offices in more than one country, or if the publisher is unknown outside North America.)
Article from a database:
Fowler, Bridget, and Fiona Wilson. “Women Architects and Their Discontents.” Sociology, vol. 38, no. 1, 2004, pp. 101–119. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/42856596.
Formula for an article from a database (two authors):
Last Name, First Name and First Name Last Name. "Title of Article." Title of Journal, vol ##, no. ##, year, pp. ###-###. Database Name, DOI (if available) or stable URL.
When to Cite
You should cite when:
You don't need to cite when:
Still not sure? Check out this page on how to avoid plagiarism
Tips for Annotating Sources
Annotations are a way for you to organize your thoughts about your research; they are also a way for others to see the direction you are taking and enter into a conversation with you about the importance of your ideas!
NOTE: Not all annotations are the same! Ask your professor which of these elements are most important for your assignment, and whether there are other elements you should include, for example: