chat loading...
Skip to main content

CLAS/ES 311: Environmental History (2019): Citation

A guide to research for students in Professor Salowey's class, by Librarians Maryke Barber and Rebecca Seipp

   Turabian Style

ONLINE GUIDES

Turabian Quick Guide from Chicago Manual of Style Online

GUIDES IN THE LIBRARY

Turabian manual cover

A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertationsby Kate Turabian

-- request this guide at the 1st floor checkout desk (call no: LB2369 .T8 2018)

When To Cite

CITE THE INFORMATION IF:

  • You use or describe specific information you have taken from a source
    (as Andrea del Verrocio's pupil Leonardo da Vinci studied in a collaborative environment, sometimes even working with Verrocio himself (Shneiderman, 112).)

  • You refer to a theory or idea from a source
    (Shneiderman believes that collaborative learning increases positive outcomes(224).

  • You  include any image (picture, table, graph) from a source.

YOU DON'T NEED TO CITE IF:

  • The information you use is common knowledge
    (There are two main types of elephants, Asian and African).

  • The information you use can be easily found and verified by most people
    (Abraham Lincoln was 56 years old when he was assassinated) 

Still not sure? Check out this page on HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM

Citation Examples

Article in a Dictionary or Encyclopedia:

Seipp, Rebecca Leigh.  “Pallas Athena.” In Brill's New Pauly: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World, Vol. 6, ed. Hubert Cancik and Helmut Schneider, 110-12. Leiden: Brill, 2002.

 

Last name of article author, First Middle. “Title of the Article.” In Title of Reference Book, Vol. #, ed. First & last name of first editor and First & Last name of second editor, page ##-##. City of publisher: Name of publisher, year.

Citing Ancient Sources

Click here for Prof. Salowey's examples:

What is citation?

WHAT IS A CITATION?

A citation provides the reader with information about your sources, to help the reader find them. Citations usually include such elements as:

  • title
  • author
  • who published it
  • when was it published

IN-TEXT CITATION: WITHIN YOUR PAPER

As you write, you will create citations in the text of your paper, to let the reader know when you are using someone else's thoughts.

Some styles use parenthetical citations (within the text), others use footnotes (at the bottom of the page), other styles use endnotes (at the end of the paper).

BIBLIOGRAPHY/SOURCES CITED: AT THE END

At the end of your paper, you'll provide a complete list of all of the sources you used to write it.

Include everything you used, whether you specifically quoted or cited it in the text of your paper or not.

Depending on the citation style you're using, this may be called "Bibliography," "Works Cited," or "References."

 

 

Ask The Librarian

Rebecca Seipp's picture
Rebecca Seipp
JavaScript disabled or chat unavailable.
Contact:
seipprl@hollins.edu
MSIS, Information Science
The University of Texas at Austin
BA, History
Southwestern University
540.362.6328