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Photography (2019): Citation

A guide for students in photography classes- created by librarian Maryke Barber

Citation: 2 Types

IN-TEXT CITATION: WITHIN YOUR PAPER

As you write, you will create citations in the text of your paper, to let the reader know when you are using someone else's thoughts.

Some styles use footnotes, other styles use endnotes or parenthetical citations (see citation styles).

BIBLIOGRAPHY/SOURCES CITED: AT THE END

At the end of your paper, you'll provide a complete list of all of the sources you used to write it.

Include everything you used, whether you specifically quoted or cited it in the text of your paper or not.

Depending on the citation style you're using, this may be called "Bibliography," "Works Cited," or "References."

What is citation?

WHAT IS A CITATION?

A citation provides the reader with information about your sources, to help the reader find them. Citations usually include such elements as:

  • title
  • author
  • who published it
  • when was it published

Image used with permission from Hannon Library at Loyola Marymount University http://libguides.lmu.edu/citations

Cite it Or....(Fun Video)

Great video from the University of Bergen in Norway (bonus: subtitles!)

Turabian Style

ONLINE GUIDES

Turabian Quick Guide
Chicago Manual of Style Online

More Turabian Examples
University of Georgia Libraries

 

CITING IMAGES: EXAMPLES

Images and Artwork, Chicago Style

West Virginia University Libraries

Citing Images
University of Cincinnati Libraries

Artworks in Chicago/Turabian

Auckland University of Technology

Citing Images - Chicago Style

Colgate University Library

 

GUIDES IN THE LIBRARY

 

Turabian manual cover 

 A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (8th edition) by Kate Turabian

-- request this guide at the 1st floor reference desk (call no: LB2369 .T8 2013)  

When To Cite

CITE THE INFORMATION IF:

  • You use or describe specific information you have taken from a source
    (as Andrea del Verrocio's pupil Leonardo da Vinci studied in a collaborative environment, sometimes even working with Verrocio himself (Shneiderman, 112).)

  • You refer to a theory or idea from a source
    (Shneiderman believes that collaborative learning increases positive outcomes(224).

  • You  include any image (picture, table, graph) from a source.

YOU DON'T NEED TO CITE IF:

  • The information you use is common knowledge
    (There are two main types of elephants, Asian and African).

  • The information you use can be easily found and verified by most people
    (Abraham Lincoln was 56 years old when he was assassinated) 

Still not sure? Check out this page on how to avoid plagiarism.

Citation Generators

Citation generators help you create citations for all types of sources.

IMPORTANT: When you use a citation generator, use our citation styles page to check whether the citation generator is using the latest version of your citation style.

Zotero

Zotero is online software to help you:

  • save citation information from your sources
  • organize your research
  • create in-text citations and bibliographies

Start using Zotero: